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Pharmacology / Toxicology Mnemonics

ACE Inhibitor Side Effects
CAPTOPRIL

C ough

A naphylaxis

P alpitations

T aste

O rthostatic hypotension

P otassium elevated

R enal impairment

I mpotence

L eukocytosis

Anti-Epileptic Side Effect
ABCDEFGH

A taxia

B lood dyscrasia

C left lip

D upuytrens / Vit D deficiency

E xfoliation of skin & Stevens Johnson's

F its

G I upset/gum hypertrophy

H epatitis/hairy

Barbiturate Side Effects
ABCD

A taxia

B ehavioral disturbance

C oncentration decreased/coma

D epression/drowsy/diplopia

Cholinergic OD Side Effects
DUMB BELS

D iarrhea

U rination

M iosis/muscle weakness

B ronchorrea

B radycardia

E mesis

L acrimation

S alivation/sweating

Cyclosporin Side Effects
4HRT

4H yperkalemia, hypertension, gum hypertrophy, hair

R enal toxicity

T remor

Gynacomastia Causing Drugs
DISCO MTV

D igoxin

I soniazid

S pironolactone

C imetidine

O estrogens

M ethyldopa/metronidazole

T CAD

V erapamil

MAOI Side Effects
The 3Hs

H epatocellular jaundice

H yperthermia

H ypertension

Propranolol, contra-indications
ABCDE

A sthman

B lock (heart)

C ardiac failure

D M (hypoglycemic shock)

E xtremities (occlusive arterial disease)

Pulmonary Edema, Non-Cardiac
PONS

P hosgene/paraquat/phenothiazines

O pioids/organophosphates

N itrous dioxide

S alicylate

TCAD Side Effects
CAN WOO

C VS

A nticholinergic

N euro

W ithdrawal

O verdose

O thers

Rat Poison
RATS PANIC

R ed squill

A rsenic

T hallium

S trychnine

P NU/phosphorus/ZN phosphide

A lpha naphtha thiurea (ANTU)

N orbormide

I ndanediones

C oumarin/cholecalciferol

Steroid Side Effects
HIGH COMPACT IMPS

H ypertension

I mmunosuppresion

G astric ulcer (bleeding)

H eartburn

C ataract

O steoporosis

M uscle weakness

P ath #/psychosis

A cne/altered glucose

C ushingoid

T hin skin

I ncreased appetite

M yopathy

P oor wound healing

S tress response reduced

or

AM CUSHINGOID

A cne

M yopathy/proximal muscle weakness

C ushingoid/cataract

U lcers

S triae, skin thinning/bruising

H ypertension/hairy

I nfection

G lycosuria

O besity/osteoporosis/oedema

I mmunosuppression/insomnia

D epression

Warfarin
WEPT

W arfarin

E xtrinsic pathway

Measure PT

Class IC Antiarrhythmics
FEP

F lecainide

E ncainide

P ropafenone

Class III Antiarrhythmics
SIBA

S otalol

I butilide

B retylium

A miodarone

Beta 1 Selective Blockers
A-BEAM

A cebutalol

B etaxolol

E smolol

A tenolol

M etoprolol

Gynacomastia, Drugs That Cause
"Some Drugs Create Awesome Knockers

S pironolactone

D igistalis

C isplatin

A lcohol

K etoconozole

Drugs Causing Pulmonary Fibrosis
BABE

B leomycin

A miodarone

B usulfan

E (empty)

Drugs that Cause Hepatic Necrosis
HAVE

H alothane

A cetaminophen (liquefactive necrosis)

V alproic acid

E (empty)

Drugs Causing Agranulocytosis
The 3Cs

C lozapine

C olchicine

C arbamazepine

Drugs for All Types of Seizures (except petit mal)
CAPHE

CA rbamazepine

PHE nytoin/phenobarbital

Drugs for Petit Mal Seizures
VALET

VAL proic acid

ET hosuximide

Vancomycin
"A Red Van Drove Into The Wall"

A ntihistamines (prevents redman syndrome)

R ed man syndrome

V ancomycin

D -ala D-ala

I nhibitor

T hrombophlebitis

W all (as in cell wall)

Tuberculosis Drugs
RESPI

R ifampin

E thambutol

S treptomycin

Pyrazinamide

I soniazid

Short Acting Benzodiazepines
TOM thumb

T riazolam

O xazepam

M idazolam

Beta 2 Agonists
SMART

S almeterol

M etaproterenol

A lbuterol

R itodrine

T erbutaline

Stevens-Johnson Syndrome
LESS

L amotrigine

E thosuximide

S ulfonamides

S tevens-Johnson

Fluconazole
The 3Cs

C andidiasis

C occidiomycosis

C ryptocococcal meningitis

Class IB Antiarrhythmics
"Medical Lab Technician"

M exilietine

L idocaine

T ocainide

Lithium
LITHIUM

L eukocytosis

I nhibits PIP2, cAMP and 5' deiodinase

T eratogenic/thiazide contraindicated

H ypothyroidism/hyponatremia increases toxicity

I nsipidus (nephrogenic diabetes)

visUal dysfunction

M ovement disorders: CATS (choreoathetosis, ataxia, tremors, seizures)

Drugs Contraindicated During Pregnancy
SAFE CT

S ulfonamide

A minoglycoside

F louroquinolones

E rythromycin

C larithromycin

T etracycline

Benzodiazepines Metabolized Outside the Liver
"Outside The Liver

O xazepam

T emazepam

L orazepam

Drugs Cuasing Megaloblastic Anemia
MAPLE

M ethotrexate

A ZT = zidovudine

P henytoin (causes folate deficiency)

L iver disease

E thanol

Amphotericin Toxicities
AMPHOTERICIN B

A nemia

M uscle spasms

P hlebitis

H eadaches/hypotension/hypokalemia

T hrombocytopenia

E mesis, encephalopathy

R espiratory strida

I ncreased temperature (fever)

C hills

I mmediate hypersensitivity (anaphylaxis)

N ephrotoxicity--important!

B ronchospasm

CNS Effects of Morphine
SCREAMNT

S edation

C ough suppression/convulsions

R espiratory depression

E uphoria

A nalgesia

M yosis (but may cause mydriasis in doses causing asphyxia)

N ausea and vomiting

T runcal rigidity (especially with fentanyl)

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2 Responses to “Pharmacology / Toxicology Mnemonics”

  1. 1
    R.S.R:

    nice work.

  2. 2
    Gajjar:

    Great ! It’s very helpful,Thanks for your effort !

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