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Nephrology Mnemonics

DDx of Chronic Renal Failure
DUG HIPPO

D M 25%

U nknown 12%

G lomerulonephritis 25%

H ypertension 10%

I nterstitial nephritis 5%

P yelonephritis, VUR 10%

P olycystic kidney disease (ADPKD)

O bstruction 3%

DDx of Hyperkalemia
ART x3

A rtifact (e.g. hemolytic sample)

A CE inhibitor

A ddison's

R enal failure

R habdomyolosis

R TA, type I

T umor lysis syndrome

T ranscellular shift (e.g. w/ acidosis)

T reatment - urgent treatment required if K+ > 6

DDx of Hypokalemia
BAD LOAD

B arter's, Conn's (hyperaldosteronism)

A lkalosis

D iuretics

L axative abuse

O ther causes (e.g. insulin overdose)

A cute glucose load

D iarrhea

Acid-Base Balance Work-Up
ARMADA

A cidosis or alkalosis?

R espiratory disorder? - acidosis or alkalosis - check PaCO2

M etabolic disorder? - acidosis or alkalosis - check HCO3

A nion gap?

D elta anion gap?

A ssess compensation

Chronic vs. Acute Renal Failure
SNAB

S mall kidney

N europathy

A nemia

B one disease

Chronic Renal Failure
GLAD SHOP

G lomerulonephritis

L upus

A nalgesics

D M

S ystemic vascular disease

H ypertension

O bstruction

P olycystic kidney disease

Unilateral, Palpable Kidney - Wilms Tumor
HARP

H ydronephrosis

A cute renal vein thrombosis, acute pylonephritis

R enal cell carcinoma

P KD, pyonephrosis

Causes of Acute Renal Failure (contributed by Hussein)
Patients can't VOID RIGHT

V asculitis

O bstruction

I nfection

D rugs (acute tubular necrosis)

R enal artery stenosis

I nterstitial nephropathy

G lomerular nephropathy

H ypovolemia

T hromboembolism

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4 Responses to “Nephrology Mnemonics”

  1. 1
    Hussein:

    Causes of Acute Renal Failure

    Patients cannot VOID RIGHT

    V asculitis
    O bstruction
    I nfection
    D rugs (Acute Tubular Necrosis)

    R enal artery stenosis
    I nterstitial nephropathy
    G lomerular nephropathy
    H ypovolaemia
    T hromboembolism

  2. 2
    mudphudder:

    Thanks, Hussein! I’ve added your mnemonic to the list and acknowledged you for it. Thanks again.
    MP

  3. 3
    sanaz:

    THANKS FOR THE MNEMONICS…..INFACT HELPED ME A LOT….CAN YOU PLZ POST A MNEMONIC FOR CLINICAL FEATURE OF CRF(CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE)
    THANK YOU

  4. 4
    MichaeL:

    Risk factors for Transient Ischaemic Attack(TIA)
    SHOCADID
    S-smoking
    H-hypertension
    O-Obesity
    C-cholesterol,High
    A-Alcohol
    D-Diet
    I-Inactivity
    D-Diabetes Mellitus
    This will help students in the neurology department.

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